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Black-eyed Susan

Rudbeckia hirta

Black-eyed Susan is a native herbaceous perennial with golden yellow flowers that bloom throughout the summer. (Susan Adams/Flickr)
Black-eyed Susan is a native herbaceous perennial with golden yellow flowers that bloom throughout the summer. (Susan Adams/Flickr)

Black-eyed Susan is a native plant with golden yellow flowers that bloom throughout the summer.

Appearance:

The flower of the black-eyed susan has bright yellow petals and a brownish-black, dome-shaped center. The flowers grow on stems with small, rough hairs and bloom in June to October. The plant's green leaves grow up to 6 inches in length. Black-eyed susans grow to 4 feet tall.

Habitat:

These plants grow in fields, meadows and roadsides and are often the first plant to appear in newly disturbed fields. They prefer full sun.

Range:

Grows throughout the entire Chesapeake Bay watershed.

Reproduction and Life Cycle:

After blooming, the flower’s dome-shaped center matures into a seed head full of small, black seeds. The plant then dies. Wind, animals and other natural disturbances spread the seeds. New seedlings grow in spring.

Other Facts:

  • Gets its name from its black center, or “eye”
  • Attracts birds, bees and butterflies
  • Maryland’s state flower
  • When cut, black-eyed Susans can live in a vase for 6-10 days

Sources and Additional Information:




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