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Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea

Purple coneflower has large, lavender flowers with a spiny, dome-shaped, orange or brown center. (Jordan Meeter/Flickr)
Purple coneflower has large, lavender flowers with a spiny, dome-shaped, orange or brown center. (Jordan Meeter/Flickr)

Purple coneflower is a native perennial plant with large, lavender flowers that bloom in early summer.

Appearance:

  • Large, lavender flowers with a spiny, dome-shaped, orange or brown center
  • Flowers bloom in early summer, usually in June-July
  • Flowers grow on stems with small, rough hairs
  • Grows 1-3 feet tall

Habitat:

  • Found in fields, rocky prairies and open, wooded areas
  • Grows in full or partial sun

Range:

  • Grows throughout the entire Chesapeake Bay watershed

Reproduction and Life Cycle:

  • After blooming, the flower’s dome-shaped center matures into a seed head
  • Wind, animals and other natural disturbances spread the seeds
  • New seedlings grow in spring

Other Facts:

  • Scientific name comes from the Greek word echinos meaning hedgehog. This refers to the flower’s spiky, cone-shaped center.
  • Attracts bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects
  • Echinacea, drawn from the coneflower plant, is used as a popular herbal tea. Studies have shown that echinacea may help boost the immune system and fend off infections.
  • There are many coneflower cultivars that come in various colors, including white, pink, red and orange

Sources and Additional Information:




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