Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea

Quick Facts

  • Species

    Native

  • Habitat

    Found in fields, rocky prairies and open, wooded areas. Grows in full or partial sun.

  • Range

    Grows throughout the entire Chesapeake Bay watershed.

  • Status

    Stable

Purple coneflower is a native perennial plant with large, lavender flowers that bloom in early summer.

Appearance

Purple coneflower has large, lavender flowers with a spiny, dome-shaped, orange or brown center. Its stems have small, rough hairs. Flowers bloom in early summer, usually in June to July. Purple coneflower grows 1 to 3 feet tall.

Reproduction and Life Cycle

After blooming, the flower’s dome-shaped center matures into a seed head. Wind, animals and other natural disturbances spread the seeds. New seedlings grow in spring.

Did You Know?

  • The purple coneflower's scientific name comes from the Greek word echinos meaning hedgehog. This refers to the flower’s spiky, cone-shaped center.
  • It attracts bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects.
  • Echinacea, drawn from the coneflower plant, is used as a popular herbal tea. Studies have shown that echinacea may help boost the immune system and fend off infections.
  • There are many coneflower cultivars that come in various colors, including white, pink, red and orange.

Sources and Additional Information

Quick Facts

  • Species

    Native

  • Habitat

    Found in fields, rocky prairies and open, wooded areas. Grows in full or partial sun.

  • Range

    Grows throughout the entire Chesapeake Bay watershed.

  • Status

    Stable