Text Size: A  A  A

Wild Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis

Wild columbine is a native perennial plant with nodding, bell-shaped, red and yellow flowers that bloom in spring and early summer. (Flatbush Gardener/Flickr)
Wild columbine is a native perennial plant with nodding, bell-shaped, red and yellow flowers that bloom in spring and early summer. (Flatbush Gardener/Flickr)

Wild columbine is a native perennial plant with nodding, bell-shaped, red and yellow flowers that bloom in spring and early summer.

Appearance:

Wild columbine has drooping, bell-shaped, red and yellow flowers with petals lifted upward. The flowers bloom in April to July and have many yellow stamens in the center. Wild columbine grows 1 to 3 feet tall.

Habitat:

This plant is found in rocky woods, cliffs, hillsides, pastures, roadsides and similar areas. It grows in full or partial sun.

Range:

Grows throughout the entire Chesapeake Bay watershed.

Reproduction and Life Cycle:

About two weeks after blooming, flowers go to seed. Mature seeds are black and are contained in a fruit capsule. New seedlings grow in spring.

Other Facts:

  • Also known as red, eastern or Canadian columbine
  • Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds
  • Native American men are said to have used crushed columbine seeds as a love charm. The seeds have also been used to treat fevers, rashes, headaches, sore throats and other ailments.
  • There are many columbine cultivars that come in various colors, including white and purple

Sources and Additional Information:




Click tabs to swap between type and habitat.

410 Severn Avenue / Suite 112
Annapolis, Maryland 21403
Tel: (800) YOUR-BAY / Fax: (410) 267-5777
Directions to the Bay Program Office
Terms of Use | Privacy Policy
©2012 Chesapeake Bay Program | All Rights Reserved