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Wild Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis

Wild columbine is a native perennial plant with nodding, bell-shaped, red and yellow flowers that bloom in spring and early summer. (Flatbush Gardener/Flickr)
Wild columbine is a native perennial plant with nodding, bell-shaped, red and yellow flowers that bloom in spring and early summer. (Flatbush Gardener/Flickr)

Wild columbine is a native perennial plant with nodding, bell-shaped, red and yellow flowers that bloom in spring and early summer.

Appearance:

  • Drooping, bell-shaped, red and yellow flowers
  • Petals are lifted upward
  • Flowers have many yellow stamens in the center
  • Flowers bloom in April-July
  • Grows 1-3 feet tall

Habitat:

  • Found in rocky woods, cliffs, hillsides, pastures, roadsides and similar areas
  • Grows in full or partial sun

Range:

  • Grows throughout the entire Chesapeake Bay watershed

Reproduction and Life Cycle:

  • About two weeks after blooming, flowers go to seed
  • Mature seeds are black
  • Seeds are contained in a fruit capsule
  • New seedlings grow in spring

Other Facts:

  • Also known as red, eastern or Canadian columbine
  • Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds
  • Native American men are said to have used crushed columbine seeds as a love charm. The seeds have also been used to treat fevers, rashes, headaches, sore throats and other ailments.
  • There are many columbine cultivars that come in various colors, including white and purple

Sources and Additional Information:




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