Bobcat

Lynx rufus

Quick Facts

  • Species

    Native

  • Habitat

    Lives mostly in forested and mountainous areas but may also be found around swamps and farmland. 

  • Range

    Recorded mostly in the northern and western portions of the Chesapeake Bay watershed, but likely ranges into other areas. Each individual has a home range extending 5 to 50 square miles, depending on how much food is available. Very territorial, they mark home ranges with urine and feces. A female’s home range rarely overlaps with other females’ home ranges, while a male’s territory may overlap with other females’ ranges.

  • Diet

    Feeds on nearly any small animal; common prey are mice, hares, rabbits, squirrels, raccoons and small white-tailed deer

  • Lifespan

    Up to 15 years

  • Status

    Stable

The bobcat is a wild cat that is brownish with dark spots and stripes. It lives mostly in forested and mountainous areas throughout the Chesapeake Bay watershed.

Appearance

Bobcats have mottled reddish- or grayish-brown fur with dark spots and stripes. They have short tufts on their ears and ruffs of hair that look like sideburns on the sides of their head. Their short tails are 5 to 6 inches in length and end in a black tip. Bobcats grow 25 to 40 inches in length and weigh 25 to 35 pounds.

Feeding

A bobcat will eat nearly any bird, mammal, reptile or other small animal available. Mice, hares, rabbits, squirrels, raccoons and small white-tailed deer are all common prey. It uses its excellent hearing and vision to hunt during dusk and after nightfall.

Predators

Foxes, coyotes and large owls prey upon bobcat kittens. Humans are the only major threat to adult bobcats.

Reproduction and Life Cycle

Mating usually occurs between January and March. This is the only time males and females interact; after mating, they return to their separate territories. About 65 days after mating, females give birth to a litter of 2 to 6 kittens that she usually cares for by herself in a secluded den. Kittens venture from the den after about 5 weeks. By 9 months old, kittens begin to establish their own territories, although they may remain near their mother until the following spring. Females reach sexual maturity after one year, while males mature after 2 years. Bobcats can live as long as 15 years in the wild.

Did You Know?

  • The bobcat is also known as a red lynx or bay lynx. It gets its name from its short, bobbed tail.
  • Bobcats are the most widely distributed native cat in North America.
  • Bobcats are very solitary and avoid highly developed areas or areas with dense human populations. They are also mostly nocturnal and remain hidden during the day.

Sources and Additional Information

Quick Facts

  • Species

    Native

  • Habitat

    Lives mostly in forested and mountainous areas but may also be found around swamps and farmland. 

  • Range

    Recorded mostly in the northern and western portions of the Chesapeake Bay watershed, but likely ranges into other areas. Each individual has a home range extending 5 to 50 square miles, depending on how much food is available. Very territorial, they mark home ranges with urine and feces. A female’s home range rarely overlaps with other females’ home ranges, while a male’s territory may overlap with other females’ ranges.

  • Diet

    Feeds on nearly any small animal; common prey are mice, hares, rabbits, squirrels, raccoons and small white-tailed deer

  • Lifespan

    Up to 15 years

  • Status

    Stable