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Black-eyed Susan

Rudbeckia hirta

Black-eyed Susan is a native herbaceous perennial with golden yellow flowers that bloom throughout the summer. (Susan Adams/Flickr)
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Black-eyed Susan is a native herbaceous perennial with golden yellow flowers that bloom throughout the summer. (Susan Adams/Flickr)

Black-eyed Susan is a native plant with golden yellow flowers that bloom throughout the summer.

Appearance:

  • Flowers have bright yellow petals and a brownish-black, dome-shaped center
  • Flowers bloom in June-October
  • Flowers grow on stems with small, rough hairs
  • Green leaves that grow up to 6 inches long
  • Grows to 4 feet tall

Habitat:

  • Grows in fields, meadows and roadsides
  • Often the first plant to appear in newly disturbed fields
  • Prefers full sun

Range:

  • Grows throughout the entire Chesapeake Bay watershed

Reproduction and Life Cycle:

  • After blooming, the flower’s dome-shaped center matures into a seed head full of small, black seeds. The plant then dies.
  • Wind, animals and other natural disturbances spread the seeds
  • New seedlings grow in spring

Other Facts:

  • Gets its name from its black center, or “eye”
  • Attracts birds, bees and butterflies
  • Maryland’s state flower
  • When cut, black-eyed Susans can live in a vase for 6-10 days

Sources and Additional Information:




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