Text Size: A  A  A

Paw Paw

Asimina triloba

Paw paws have distinctive yellowish-green, mango-like fruits that grow in September through October. (U.S. Department of Agriculture)
Paw paws have distinctive yellowish-green, mango-like fruits that grow in September through October. (U.S. Department of Agriculture)

The paw paw is a small, deciduous tree with large, long leaves and distinctive green, mango-like fruits. It grows in rich, moist forested areas throughout the Chesapeake Bay watershed.

Appearance:

Paw paws have long, pear-shaped leaves with pointed tips and fine, white hairs on top and rusty-colored hairs on the bottom. The leaves turn yellow in autumn. Small, maroon flowers with velvety petals bloom in April to May. Yellowish-green, mango-like fruits grow in September to October. The paw paw grows to 35 feet tall.

Habitat:

Grows in small colonies in rich, moist areas such as river valleys and the understory of hardwood forests.

Range:

Throughout the entire Chesapeake Bay watershed.

Reproduction and Life Cycle:

Paw paws usually reproduce asexually when roots bud and form new shoots, which is why they often form small colonies. They can also reproduce sexually with fruits containing 10 to 14 brown, lima bean-shaped seeds that are spread by animals.

Other Facts:

  • Paw paws are listed as a threatened species in New York.
  • The paw paw fruit is the largest edible fruit native to the United States. Fruits are sometimes referred to as Indian bananas or custard bananas.
  • The leaves smell like green bell peppers when crushed.
  • Paw paws attract small mammals such as raccoons, squirrels and opossums, which feast on the tree’s abundant fruits. In addition, zebra swallowtail butterfly larvae feed exclusively on paw paw leaves.
  • Many Native American tribes ate paw paw fruits, mashing them to make small cakes or drying them in the sun to store for winter. They valued the tree so much that they spread it throughout much of the eastern U.S.

Sources and Additional Information:




Click tabs to swap between type and habitat.

410 Severn Avenue / Suite 112
Annapolis, Maryland 21403
Tel: (800) YOUR-BAY / Fax: (410) 267-5777
Directions to the Bay Program Office
Terms of Use | Privacy Policy
©2012 Chesapeake Bay Program | All Rights Reserved