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Publications: Backgrounders


Bay Barometer: Summary of Indicators

Publication date: January 30, 2013 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The Chesapeake Bay Program partners track and report on a wide variety of indicators of Bay and watershed health as well as watershed-wide restoration progress.

The Conowingo Dam and Chesapeake Bay Water Quality

Publication date: January 15, 2013 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Each year, the Susquehanna River provides the Bay with one-quarter of its sediment loads. Working to curb these loads are three large reservoirs located along the lower portion of the river, each of which sits behind a dam. These...

Map: 2012 Innovative Nutrient and Sediment Reduction Grants (PDF)

Publication date: August 28, 2012 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The funding was provided through the Chesapeake Bay Stewardship Fund, which awards competitive grants of up to $1 million to projects that demonstrate innovative and cost-effective approaches to dramatically reduce or eliminate...

Map: Chesapeake Bay Stewardship Fund Small Watershed Grants 1998-2012 (PDF)

Publication date: August 28, 2012 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The Chesapeake Bay Small Watershed Grants Program promotes community-based efforts to develop and implement conservation strategies to protect and restore the diverse natural resources of the Chesapeake Bay and its watershed. The...

Press Backgrounder: Small Watershed Grants (SWG) and Innovative Nutrient and Sediment Reduction (INSR) Grants (2012)

Publication date: August 28, 2012 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Forty-one projects in the Chesapeake Bay watershed received $9.22 million in grants from the Chesapeake Bay Stewardship Fund, which is administered by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF).

The Small Watershed Grants (SWG)...

Underwater Bay Grasses in the Chesapeake Bay and Rivers in 2011

Publication date: March 28, 2012 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

In 2011, 57,956 acres of underwater bay grasses in Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries were mapped via aerial survey.
However, while the entire Bay was flown, some portions of the Bay were not mapped since SAV signatures were
masked by...

River Flow, Long-term Trends and Stream Health In the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Publication date: May 09, 2011 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Backgrounder: River Flow, Long-term Trends and Stream Health In the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Underwater Bay Grasses in the Chesapeake Bay and Rivers in 2010

Publication date: April 21, 2011 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

In 2010, 79,675 acres of underwater bay grasses were mapped in Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries.

Underwater Bay Grasses in the Chesapeake Bay and Rivers in 2009

Publication date: April 27, 2010 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

In 2009, 85,899 acres of underwater bay grasses were mapped in Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. This is a 12 percent increase from 2008, when 76,860 acres were mapped.

Bay Backpack

Publication date: January 28, 2010 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The Bay Backpack is an exciting new web site for teachers and environmental educators interested in teaching about the Chesapeake region. This onestop shop provides all the tools you need to give your students a Meaningful Watershed...

Environmental Accomplishments by the Kaine Administration

Publication date: January 05, 2010 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Under Governor Kaine’s leadership, the Chesapeake Executive Council adopted in May 2009 a new transparent accountability system – two-year milestones for reducing nitrogen and phosphorus – for Bay restoration efforts by the six Bay...

Underwater Bay Grasses in the Chesapeake Bay and Rivers in 2008

Publication date: April 29, 2009 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Backgrounder: Underwater Bay Grasses in the Chesapeake Bay and Rivers in 2008

Meaningful Watershed Educational Experience

Publication date: October 22, 2004 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

A Meaningful Watershed Educational Experience, or MWEE, enables students to participate in hands-on environmental learning about the Chesapeake Bay watershed. This experience will serve as the foundation for a rich, lifelong...

Restoring Migratory Fish Passage in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Publication date: February 23, 2004 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Over the past two centuries numerous mill dams, hydroelectric dams and small blockages were constructed, which prevented fish throughout the Bay watershed from reaching their natal rivers. Migratory fish populations consequently...

Shad in the Chesapeake Bay

Publication date: February 19, 2004 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

River shad have long played a pivotal role in the history, culture and economy of the states that border the Chesapeake Bay.

American shad constituted one of the most important mid-Atlantic fishery until the early 20th century, but by...

2004 Chesapeake Bay Small Watershed Grant Recipients

Publication date: January 01, 2004 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The Chesapeake Bay Small Watershed Grants Program provides grants to organizations working on a local level to protect and improve watersheds in the Chesapeake Bay basin, while building citizen-based resource stewardship. Under the 2004...

Chesapeake Bay Underwater Grasses

Publication date: September 22, 2003 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Bay scientists believe that underwater bay grasses, also called submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV), once blanketed nearly 200,000 acres in the shallow waters along the shoreline of the Chesapeake Bay. The Chesapeake Bay Program partners...

Chesapeake Bay Underwater Grasses

Publication date: September 22, 2003 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Bay grasses are a unique yardstick for measuring the progress of Chesapeake Bay restoration efforts because they are not under harvest pressure and their health is closely linked to water quality. In recent years both the health and...

2002 Chesapeake Bay SAV Abundance and New Baywide Restoration Goal

Publication date: September 22, 2003 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

In 2002, SAV coverage reached a record 89,658 acres - more than twice the level first recorded in 1978. While this increase is impressive, a great deal more needs to be done to reach the Bay Program’s new 185,000-acre baywide...

Forested Riparian Zones and their Benefit to Anadromous Fish in Chesapeake Bay

Publication date: November 11, 2001 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Riparian forests are essential interfaces between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. They intercept surface runoff, subsurface flow and deeper ground water flows for purposes of removing or buffering effects from nutrients, pesticides...

SAV 2000 Survey: Preliminary Executive Summary

Publication date: May 01, 2001 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The distribution of submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) in Chesapeake Bay, its tributaries, and the coastal bays of the Delmarva Peninsula, was mapped from 2,033 black and white aerial photographs. These were taken between May and...

SAV 2000 Survey: Preliminary River Segment Data

Publication date: May 01, 2000 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Number of Hectares of SAV in 1999 and 2000 and Percent Change for Chesapeake Bay Segments and Zones

Riparian Forest Initiative

Publication date: November 10, 1995 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Through the efforts of the USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Area, and its partners in the Forestry Workgroup, a riparian forest initative has brought more focus on the need to better manage riparian areas and to recognize forests along...

Press Backgrounder: Small Watershed Grants (SWG) and Innovative Nutrient and Sediment Reduction (INSR) Grants (2013)

Publication date: | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Forty projects in the Chesapeake Bay watershed received $9.2 million in grants from the Chesapeake Bay Stewardship Fund, which is administered by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF).

The Small Watershed Grants (SWG)...


2002 Chesapeake Bay SAV Abundance and New Baywide Restoration Goal

Publication date: September 22, 2003 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

In 2002, SAV coverage reached a record 89,658 acres - more than twice the level first recorded in 1978. While this increase is impressive, a great deal more needs to be done to reach the Bay Program’s new 185,000-acre baywide...

2004 Chesapeake Bay Small Watershed Grant Recipients

Publication date: January 01, 2004 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The Chesapeake Bay Small Watershed Grants Program provides grants to organizations working on a local level to protect and improve watersheds in the Chesapeake Bay basin, while building citizen-based resource stewardship. Under the 2004...

Bay Backpack

Publication date: January 28, 2010 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The Bay Backpack is an exciting new web site for teachers and environmental educators interested in teaching about the Chesapeake region. This onestop shop provides all the tools you need to give your students a Meaningful Watershed...

Bay Barometer: Summary of Indicators

Publication date: January 30, 2013 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The Chesapeake Bay Program partners track and report on a wide variety of indicators of Bay and watershed health as well as watershed-wide restoration progress.

Chesapeake Bay Underwater Grasses

Publication date: September 22, 2003 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Bay scientists believe that underwater bay grasses, also called submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV), once blanketed nearly 200,000 acres in the shallow waters along the shoreline of the Chesapeake Bay. The Chesapeake Bay Program partners...

Chesapeake Bay Underwater Grasses

Publication date: September 22, 2003 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Bay grasses are a unique yardstick for measuring the progress of Chesapeake Bay restoration efforts because they are not under harvest pressure and their health is closely linked to water quality. In recent years both the health and...

Environmental Accomplishments by the Kaine Administration

Publication date: January 05, 2010 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Under Governor Kaine’s leadership, the Chesapeake Executive Council adopted in May 2009 a new transparent accountability system – two-year milestones for reducing nitrogen and phosphorus – for Bay restoration efforts by the six Bay...

Forested Riparian Zones and their Benefit to Anadromous Fish in Chesapeake Bay

Publication date: November 11, 2001 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Riparian forests are essential interfaces between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. They intercept surface runoff, subsurface flow and deeper ground water flows for purposes of removing or buffering effects from nutrients, pesticides...

Map: 2012 Innovative Nutrient and Sediment Reduction Grants (PDF)

Publication date: August 28, 2012 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The funding was provided through the Chesapeake Bay Stewardship Fund, which awards competitive grants of up to $1 million to projects that demonstrate innovative and cost-effective approaches to dramatically reduce or eliminate...

Map: Chesapeake Bay Stewardship Fund Small Watershed Grants 1998-2012 (PDF)

Publication date: August 28, 2012 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The Chesapeake Bay Small Watershed Grants Program promotes community-based efforts to develop and implement conservation strategies to protect and restore the diverse natural resources of the Chesapeake Bay and its watershed. The...

Meaningful Watershed Educational Experience

Publication date: October 22, 2004 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

A Meaningful Watershed Educational Experience, or MWEE, enables students to participate in hands-on environmental learning about the Chesapeake Bay watershed. This experience will serve as the foundation for a rich, lifelong...

Press Backgrounder: Small Watershed Grants (SWG) and Innovative Nutrient and Sediment Reduction (INSR) Grants (2012)

Publication date: August 28, 2012 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Forty-one projects in the Chesapeake Bay watershed received $9.22 million in grants from the Chesapeake Bay Stewardship Fund, which is administered by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF).

The Small Watershed Grants (SWG)...

Press Backgrounder: Small Watershed Grants (SWG) and Innovative Nutrient and Sediment Reduction (INSR) Grants (2013)

Publication date: | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Forty projects in the Chesapeake Bay watershed received $9.2 million in grants from the Chesapeake Bay Stewardship Fund, which is administered by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF).

The Small Watershed Grants (SWG)...

Restoring Migratory Fish Passage in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Publication date: February 23, 2004 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Over the past two centuries numerous mill dams, hydroelectric dams and small blockages were constructed, which prevented fish throughout the Bay watershed from reaching their natal rivers. Migratory fish populations consequently...

Riparian Forest Initiative

Publication date: November 10, 1995 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Through the efforts of the USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Area, and its partners in the Forestry Workgroup, a riparian forest initative has brought more focus on the need to better manage riparian areas and to recognize forests along...

River Flow, Long-term Trends and Stream Health In the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Publication date: May 09, 2011 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Backgrounder: River Flow, Long-term Trends and Stream Health In the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

SAV 2000 Survey: Preliminary Executive Summary

Publication date: May 01, 2001 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The distribution of submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) in Chesapeake Bay, its tributaries, and the coastal bays of the Delmarva Peninsula, was mapped from 2,033 black and white aerial photographs. These were taken between May and...

SAV 2000 Survey: Preliminary River Segment Data

Publication date: May 01, 2000 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Number of Hectares of SAV in 1999 and 2000 and Percent Change for Chesapeake Bay Segments and Zones

Shad in the Chesapeake Bay

Publication date: February 19, 2004 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

River shad have long played a pivotal role in the history, culture and economy of the states that border the Chesapeake Bay.

American shad constituted one of the most important mid-Atlantic fishery until the early 20th century, but by...

The Conowingo Dam and Chesapeake Bay Water Quality

Publication date: January 15, 2013 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Each year, the Susquehanna River provides the Bay with one-quarter of its sediment loads. Working to curb these loads are three large reservoirs located along the lower portion of the river, each of which sits behind a dam. These...

Underwater Bay Grasses in the Chesapeake Bay and Rivers in 2008

Publication date: April 29, 2009 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Backgrounder: Underwater Bay Grasses in the Chesapeake Bay and Rivers in 2008

Underwater Bay Grasses in the Chesapeake Bay and Rivers in 2009

Publication date: April 27, 2010 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

In 2009, 85,899 acres of underwater bay grasses were mapped in Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. This is a 12 percent increase from 2008, when 76,860 acres were mapped.

Underwater Bay Grasses in the Chesapeake Bay and Rivers in 2010

Publication date: April 21, 2011 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

In 2010, 79,675 acres of underwater bay grasses were mapped in Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries.

Underwater Bay Grasses in the Chesapeake Bay and Rivers in 2011

Publication date: March 28, 2012 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

In 2011, 57,956 acres of underwater bay grasses in Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries were mapped via aerial survey.
However, while the entire Bay was flown, some portions of the Bay were not mapped since SAV signatures were
masked by...


Press Backgrounder: Small Watershed Grants (SWG) and Innovative Nutrient and Sediment Reduction (INSR) Grants (2013)

Publication date: | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Forty projects in the Chesapeake Bay watershed received $9.2 million in grants from the Chesapeake Bay Stewardship Fund, which is administered by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF).

The Small Watershed Grants (SWG)...

Bay Barometer: Summary of Indicators

Publication date: January 30, 2013 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The Chesapeake Bay Program partners track and report on a wide variety of indicators of Bay and watershed health as well as watershed-wide restoration progress.

The Conowingo Dam and Chesapeake Bay Water Quality

Publication date: January 15, 2013 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Each year, the Susquehanna River provides the Bay with one-quarter of its sediment loads. Working to curb these loads are three large reservoirs located along the lower portion of the river, each of which sits behind a dam. These...

Map: 2012 Innovative Nutrient and Sediment Reduction Grants (PDF)

Publication date: August 28, 2012 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The funding was provided through the Chesapeake Bay Stewardship Fund, which awards competitive grants of up to $1 million to projects that demonstrate innovative and cost-effective approaches to dramatically reduce or eliminate...

Map: Chesapeake Bay Stewardship Fund Small Watershed Grants 1998-2012 (PDF)

Publication date: August 28, 2012 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The Chesapeake Bay Small Watershed Grants Program promotes community-based efforts to develop and implement conservation strategies to protect and restore the diverse natural resources of the Chesapeake Bay and its watershed. The...

Press Backgrounder: Small Watershed Grants (SWG) and Innovative Nutrient and Sediment Reduction (INSR) Grants (2012)

Publication date: August 28, 2012 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Forty-one projects in the Chesapeake Bay watershed received $9.22 million in grants from the Chesapeake Bay Stewardship Fund, which is administered by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF).

The Small Watershed Grants (SWG)...

Underwater Bay Grasses in the Chesapeake Bay and Rivers in 2011

Publication date: March 28, 2012 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

In 2011, 57,956 acres of underwater bay grasses in Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries were mapped via aerial survey.
However, while the entire Bay was flown, some portions of the Bay were not mapped since SAV signatures were
masked by...

Bay Backpack

Publication date: January 28, 2010 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The Bay Backpack is an exciting new web site for teachers and environmental educators interested in teaching about the Chesapeake region. This onestop shop provides all the tools you need to give your students a Meaningful Watershed...

Underwater Bay Grasses in the Chesapeake Bay and Rivers in 2009

Publication date: April 27, 2010 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

In 2009, 85,899 acres of underwater bay grasses were mapped in Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. This is a 12 percent increase from 2008, when 76,860 acres were mapped.

River Flow, Long-term Trends and Stream Health In the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Publication date: May 09, 2011 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Backgrounder: River Flow, Long-term Trends and Stream Health In the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Underwater Bay Grasses in the Chesapeake Bay and Rivers in 2010

Publication date: April 21, 2011 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

In 2010, 79,675 acres of underwater bay grasses were mapped in Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries.

Forested Riparian Zones and their Benefit to Anadromous Fish in Chesapeake Bay

Publication date: November 11, 2001 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Riparian forests are essential interfaces between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. They intercept surface runoff, subsurface flow and deeper ground water flows for purposes of removing or buffering effects from nutrients, pesticides...

Meaningful Watershed Educational Experience

Publication date: October 22, 2004 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

A Meaningful Watershed Educational Experience, or MWEE, enables students to participate in hands-on environmental learning about the Chesapeake Bay watershed. This experience will serve as the foundation for a rich, lifelong...

2002 Chesapeake Bay SAV Abundance and New Baywide Restoration Goal

Publication date: September 22, 2003 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

In 2002, SAV coverage reached a record 89,658 acres - more than twice the level first recorded in 1978. While this increase is impressive, a great deal more needs to be done to reach the Bay Program’s new 185,000-acre baywide...

SAV 2000 Survey: Preliminary River Segment Data

Publication date: May 01, 2000 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Number of Hectares of SAV in 1999 and 2000 and Percent Change for Chesapeake Bay Segments and Zones

Riparian Forest Initiative

Publication date: November 10, 1995 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Through the efforts of the USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Area, and its partners in the Forestry Workgroup, a riparian forest initative has brought more focus on the need to better manage riparian areas and to recognize forests along...

SAV 2000 Survey: Preliminary Executive Summary

Publication date: May 01, 2001 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The distribution of submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) in Chesapeake Bay, its tributaries, and the coastal bays of the Delmarva Peninsula, was mapped from 2,033 black and white aerial photographs. These were taken between May and...

Chesapeake Bay Underwater Grasses

Publication date: September 22, 2003 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Bay grasses are a unique yardstick for measuring the progress of Chesapeake Bay restoration efforts because they are not under harvest pressure and their health is closely linked to water quality. In recent years both the health and...

Chesapeake Bay Underwater Grasses

Publication date: September 22, 2003 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Bay scientists believe that underwater bay grasses, also called submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV), once blanketed nearly 200,000 acres in the shallow waters along the shoreline of the Chesapeake Bay. The Chesapeake Bay Program partners...

Environmental Accomplishments by the Kaine Administration

Publication date: January 05, 2010 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Under Governor Kaine’s leadership, the Chesapeake Executive Council adopted in May 2009 a new transparent accountability system – two-year milestones for reducing nitrogen and phosphorus – for Bay restoration efforts by the six Bay...

Underwater Bay Grasses in the Chesapeake Bay and Rivers in 2008

Publication date: April 29, 2009 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Backgrounder: Underwater Bay Grasses in the Chesapeake Bay and Rivers in 2008

2004 Chesapeake Bay Small Watershed Grant Recipients

Publication date: January 01, 2004 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

The Chesapeake Bay Small Watershed Grants Program provides grants to organizations working on a local level to protect and improve watersheds in the Chesapeake Bay basin, while building citizen-based resource stewardship. Under the 2004...

Restoring Migratory Fish Passage in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Publication date: February 23, 2004 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

Over the past two centuries numerous mill dams, hydroelectric dams and small blockages were constructed, which prevented fish throughout the Bay watershed from reaching their natal rivers. Migratory fish populations consequently...

Shad in the Chesapeake Bay

Publication date: February 19, 2004 | Type of document: Backgrounder | Download: Electronic Version

River shad have long played a pivotal role in the history, culture and economy of the states that border the Chesapeake Bay.

American shad constituted one of the most important mid-Atlantic fishery until the early 20th century, but by...



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