The American chestnut was once an abundant native tree that could grow 100 feet tall. Now, threatened by disease, the tree rarely makes it to maturity.
The American holly is an evergreen tree with stout, stiff branches and spine-tipped leaves. Female trees have small, bright red berries. It grows in moist areas throughout the Chesapeake Bay watershed.
The American persimmon is a native tree that produces bright orange fruits in the fall. The fruits have a long history of use by humans and serves as a critical food source for wildlife at a time when food is scarce.
Atlantic White Cedar
The Atlantic white cedar is a tall evergreen tree with scaly, fan-shaped foliage and a cone-like shape. It grows in swamps, marshes and other wet areas near the coast in Delaware, Maryland and Virginia.
The bald cypress is a tall deciduous tree with needle-like leaves and distinctive “knees” that rise up from the soil or water around it. It grows in swamps and forests in parts of Delaware, Maryland and Virginia.
The loblolly pine is a tall evergreen tree with long, thin needles and scaly bark. It grows along the edges of the Chesapeake Bay and its tidal rivers and wetlands.
Morrow’s honeysuckle is an invasive deciduous shrub with white, tube-shaped flowers and small, bright red and orange berries. It can be found throughout the Chesapeake Bay watershed.
The paw paw is a small, deciduous tree with large, long leaves and distinctive green, mango-like fruits. It grows in rich, moist forested areas throughout the Chesapeake Bay watershed.
The red maple is a hardy and adaptable deciduous tree common in the Chesapeake Bay watershed and throughout eastern North America.
The sassafras is a medium-sized, deciduous tree with bright green, mitten-like leaves. It grows in moist, open woods throughout the Chesapeake Bay watershed.
The shadbush is a small, deciduous tree with white flower clusters that bloom in early spring. It grows in wet areas such as swamps and forested wetlands throughout the Chesapeake Bay watershed, mostly in the coastal plain.
The sugar maple is a deciduous hardwood tree with pointed lobed leaves. It can be found throughout the Chesapeake watershed.
The sweetbay magnolia is a small, semi-evergreen tree with large, creamy white flowers that bloom in early summer. It grows in forested swamps and wetlands throughout most of the Chesapeake Bay watershed.
Tree-of-Heaven is a quick-growing, invasive tree that can be found throughout the Chesapeake region.
The Virginia bluebell is a perennial with blue, trumpet-shaped flowers that bloom in spring. It can be found throughout the Chesapeake watershed.
The white oak is a large shade tree with light gray furrowed bark and lobed green leaves. It is found throughout the Chesapeake Bay region.
The winterberry is a deciduous shrub known for its display of bright fruit during winter. It is common in wetlands throughout the east coast of North America.