1 to 3 feet tall
Rocky woods, cliffs, hillsides, pastures, roadsides and similar areas; grows in full or partial sun
Grows throughout the entire Chesapeake Bay watershed.
Wild columbine has drooping, bell-shaped, red and yellow flowers with petals lifted upward. The flowers bloom in April to July and have many yellow stamens in the center. Wild columbine grows 1 to 3 feet tall.
Reproduction and Life Cycle
About two weeks after blooming, flowers go to seed. Mature seeds are black and are contained in a fruit capsule. New seedlings grow in spring.
Did You Know?
- Wild columbine is also known as red, eastern or Canadian columbine. It attracts butterflies and hummingbirds.
- The seeds of wild columbine have been used to treat fevers, rashes, headaches, sore throats, other ailments and as love charms.
- There are many columbine cultivars that come in various colors, including white and purple.
Sources and Additional Information
- Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed – U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
- PLANTS Database: Aquilegia canadensis – USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service
- Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center: Aquilegia canadensis – The University of Texas at Austin
- Canadian Columbine, Wild Columbine – Dave’s Garden