Southern red oaks are medium-sized oaks with straight trunks. Bark on young trees is smooth and gray and changes to dark and furrowed as the tree grows. The leaves are dark green on top and pale green below. The leaves are deeply lobed and bristled.


Oaks can suffer from diseases such as oak wilt, chestnut blight, powdery mildew and oak leaf blister. The acorns can also be damaged by acorn weevils and filbert worms. The leaves are sometimes eaten by spongy moths.

Reproduction and Life Cycle

The trees develop small yellow flowers in the spring and acorns in the fall. The acorns will stay dormant over winter and sprout the following spring.

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Sources and Additional Information