Purple coneflower has large, lavender flowers with a spiny, dome-shaped, orange or brown center. (Jordan Meeter/Flickr)
Purple coneflower is a native perennial plant with large, lavender flowers that bloom in early summer.
Purple coneflower has large, lavender flowers with a spiny, dome-shaped, orange or brown center. Its stems have small, rough hairs. Flowers bloom in early summer, usually in June to July. Purple coneflower grows 1 to 3 feet tall.
Found in fields, rocky prairies and open, wooded areas. Grows in full or partial sun.
Grows throughout the entire Chesapeake Bay watershed.
Reproduction and Life Cycle:
After blooming, the flower’s dome-shaped center matures into a seed head. Wind, animals and other natural disturbances spread the seeds. New seedlings grow in spring.
The purple coneflower's scientific name comes from the Greek word echinos meaning hedgehog. This refers to the flower’s spiky, cone-shaped center.
It attracts bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects.
Echinacea, drawn from the coneflower plant, is used as a popular herbal tea. Studies have shown that echinacea may help boost the immune system and fend off infections.
There are many coneflower cultivars that come in various colors, including white, pink, red and orange.
Sources and Additional Information: