Black-eyed Susan

Rudbeckia hirta

Quick Facts

  • Species

    Native

  • Habitat

    Grows in fields, meadows and roadsides; often the first plant to appear in newly disturbed fields. Prefers full sun.

  • Range

    Found throughout the entire Chesapeake Bay watershed.

  • Status

    Stable

The black-eyed Susan is a native plant with golden yellow flowers that bloom throughout the summer.

Appearance

The flower of the black-eyed Susan has bright yellow petals and a brownish-black, dome-shaped center. The flowers grow on stems with small, rough hairs and bloom in June to October. The plant's green leaves grow up to 6 inches in length. Black-eyed susans grow to 4 feet tall.

Reproduction and Life Cycle

After blooming, the flower’s dome-shaped center matures into a seed head full of small, black seeds. The plant then dies. Wind, animals and other natural disturbances spread the seeds. New seedlings grow in spring.

Did You Know?

  • The black-eyed Susan gets its name from its black center, or “eye.”
  • The flowers attract birds, bees and butterflies, especially when planted in large, colorful masses.
  • Black-eyed Susans are Maryland’s state flower.

Sources and Additional Information

Quick Facts

  • Species

    Native

  • Habitat

    Grows in fields, meadows and roadsides; often the first plant to appear in newly disturbed fields. Prefers full sun.

  • Range

    Found throughout the entire Chesapeake Bay watershed.

  • Status

    Stable