Green Treefrog

Hyla cinerea

Quick Facts

  • Species

    Native

  • Habitat

    Ponds, lakes, marshes and streams; prefers to live in areas with a lot of floating vegetation and grasses. Most active at night and sleep during the day in moist, shady areas, like the undersides of leaves.

  • Range

    Found in the central to southeastern United States, from Maryland and Delaware to the southern tip of Florida and as far west as central Texas

  • Diet

    Feeds on small insects and other invertebrates like crickets, moths and flies

  • Lifespan

    Up to 6 years in captivity

  • Status

    Stable

The green treefrog is a small amphibian that can be found in ponds, lakes, marshes and streams.

Appearance

Green treefrogs reach 1 ¼ to 2 ½ inches long. Females tend to be larger than males. Their color varies from bright green to greenish gray or yellow green on back, with white or cream-colored stomach. Yellow or white stripes may run down the sides of its body, and gold spots may appear on its back. Sticky toe pads on its long toes are used for gripping.

Feeding

These frogs consume small insects and other invertebrates like crickets, moths and flies, and they can often be found clinging to windows or walls, trying to feed on insects that are attracted to light

Predators

Predators include snakes, lizards, birds and large fish, while the treefrog's coloring serves as effective camouflage.

Voice

Green treefrogs sound like a nasal, bell-like "queenk-queenk-queenk", repeated up to 75 times per minute.  Their call is loudest during damp weather.

USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center

Reproduction and Life Cycle

Green treefrogs breed from March to October in warmer areas and from April to September in milder climates. Hundreds, sometimes thousands of males gather together at a breeding site and call out to attract the attention of females. Females lay approximately 400 eggs, hidden among aquatic vegetation. Males fertilize the eggs once they are laid. About five days after fertilization, eggs hatch. Eight to ten weeks after hatching, tadpoles develop front and rear legs. Once their legs become fully functional, green treefrogs leave the water and venture onto land. Captive green treefrogs can live up to 6 years.

Did You Know?

  • The coloring of the green treefrog may appear brighter yellow when it is calling and a duller green or gray when it is resting.
  • Because they call loudest during damp weather, green treefrogs are believed to be a good indicator of rain.

Sources and Additional Information

Quick Facts

  • Species

    Native

  • Habitat

    Ponds, lakes, marshes and streams; prefers to live in areas with a lot of floating vegetation and grasses. Most active at night and sleep during the day in moist, shady areas, like the undersides of leaves.

  • Range

    Found in the central to southeastern United States, from Maryland and Delaware to the southern tip of Florida and as far west as central Texas

  • Diet

    Feeds on small insects and other invertebrates like crickets, moths and flies

  • Lifespan

    Up to 6 years in captivity

  • Status

    Stable