Wild Columbine

Aquilegia canadensis

Quick Facts

  • Species

    Native

  • Habitat

    Found in rocky woods, cliffs, hillsides, pastures, roadsides and similar areas. Grows in full or partial sun.

  • Range

    Grows throughout the entire Chesapeake Bay watershed.

  • Status

    Stable

Wild columbine is a native perennial plant with nodding, bell-shaped, red and yellow flowers that bloom in spring and early summer.

Appearance

Wild columbine has drooping, bell-shaped, red and yellow flowers with petals lifted upward. The flowers bloom in April to July and have many yellow stamens in the center. Wild columbine grows 1 to 3 feet tall.

Reproduction and Life Cycle

About two weeks after blooming, flowers go to seed. Mature seeds are black and are contained in a fruit capsule. New seedlings grow in spring.

Did You Know?

  • Wild columbine is also known as red, eastern or Canadian columbine. It attracts butterflies and hummingbirds.
  • Native American men are said to have used crushed columbine seeds as a love charm. The seeds have also been used to treat fevers, rashes, headaches, sore throats and other ailments.
  • There are many columbine cultivars that come in various colors, including white and purple.

Sources and Additional Information

Quick Facts

  • Species

    Native

  • Habitat

    Found in rocky woods, cliffs, hillsides, pastures, roadsides and similar areas. Grows in full or partial sun.

  • Range

    Grows throughout the entire Chesapeake Bay watershed.

  • Status

    Stable