Watershed Implementation Plans (WIPs) include detailed, specific steps each of the seven Bay watershed jurisdictions will take to meet the pollution reduction goals of the Chesapeake Bay Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) by 2025. These plans consider such things as ecological restoration and sustainability while allowing for greater transparency and accountability for improved performance.
What are WIPs?
The Chesapeake Bay TMDL requires reductions of nitrogen, phosphorus and sediment. This federal effort is intended to obtain water quality standards for each of the Bay’s tidal segments, tributaries and embayments listed as impaired under 303(d) of the Clean Water Act. Each watershed jurisdiction has created a Watershed Implementation Plan, often called a WIP, that documents how the jurisdiction will partner with federal and local governments to achieve and maintain water quality standards.
There are three phases of WIPs:
- Phase I and Phase II WIPs were developed and submitted to EPA in 2010 and 2012, respectively. Both Phase I and Phase II WIPs describe actions and controls to be implemented by 2017 and 2025 to achieve applicable water quality standards.
- Phase III WIPs will be developed by jurisdictions based on a midpoint assessment of progress and scientific analyses that is currently underway through 2017. Phase III WIPs will provide information on actions the Bay jurisdictions intend to implement between 2019 and 2025 to meet the Bay restoration goals.
For more information about the TMDL process, including news and events, please visit the EPA's Chesapeake Bay TMDL website.
- The Chesapeake Bay Program approved final planning targets for the Phase III WIPs.
- To better understand the expectations and consequences laid out by EPA, please review the agency's Expectations for the Phase III Watershed Implementation Plans
In preparation for the development of Phase III WIPs in 2017-2018, the partnership undertook a stakeholder assessment to identify lessons learned from the Phase I and Phase II WIP processes. Read the final report and action plan.
This BMP guide provides summarized profiles for each CBP-approved BMP in the Watershed Model. Each reference sheet includes basic general information about a BMP, how it functions within the Watershed Model, what’s needed for the BMP to be reported for annual progress submissions, as well as links to additional information for readers who want more detailed information about the practice. Implementation aspects of a practice, such as cost, potential ecosystem co-benefits or impacts, maintenance or funding sources are not discussed in the reference sheets because such information varies based on the characteristics and priorities of a region, state or local area.
This PowerPoint is designed to inform WIP developers, local governments and other stakeholders about the co-benefits associated with implementing certain conservation practices. The majority of these practices not only help in meeting your state’s water quality goals under the Bay TMDL, but also can meet other restoration goals not only for the Chesapeake Bay, but for the local waterways in your community.
The following set of 12 Principles for Phase III WIPs fact sheets describe the co-benefits that are possible when best management practices are selected in a thoughtful manner with site-specific conditions in mind. Each includes contact information for each state for more information.
Final State Watershed Implementation Plans
- Delaware - Phase I | Phase II
- District of Columbia - Phase I | Phase II
- Maryland - Phase I | Phase II
- New York - Phase I | Phase II
- Pennsylvania - Phase I | Phase II
- Virginia - Phase I | Phase II
- West Virginia - Phase I | Phase II
To get involved in the process of developing or instating WIPs, or get answers to state-specific questions, please contact your state lead.
- Delaware - Steve Williams, DNREC - (302) 729-9921
- District of Columbia - Katherine Antos, DOEE - (202) 574-7606
- Maryland - Dinorah Dalmasy, MDE - (410) 537-3818
- New York - Lauren Townley, DEC - (518) 402-8283
- Pennsylvania - Nicki Kasi, DEP - (717) 772-4053
- Virginia - James Davis-Martin, DEQ - (804) 698-4298
- West Virginia - Teresa Koon, DEP - (304) 926-0499 ext. 1020
- West Virginia - David Montali, DEP - (304) 926-0499 ext. 1063